The Roles of Online Counsellors In Handling Anxiety Disorders
One of the many mental disorders is anxiety disorder which is characterized by increased anxiety where an individual usually has an unpleasant state of inner turmoil together with some nervous behavior such as pacing back and forth as well as a fast heart rate. Online counsellors are becoming more popular globally due to this condition. Fear is also common in people suffering from anxiety disorder where he/she may have a feeling of perceived danger or threat causing some changes in metabolic and organ function as well as ultimate change of behavior. An individual may suffer from anxiety disorder due to a number of reasons including drugs and substance use, medical conditions such as endocrine disease which leads to hyperactivity of the nervous system and life stresses. Anxiety disorder can also be brought about by inherited genes where there is a family history of mental disorder as well as other risk factors in an individual’s environment such as child abuse, poverty, and persistence of anxiety. Diagnosis of anxiety disorder is done if symptoms such as a headache, sweating, hypertension, and muscle spasms among others have been observed for at least six months in an individual. Early diagnosis of anxiety disorders are easily solved by online counselors
Generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, panic disorder as well as selective mutism are the major forms of anxiety disorder. An individual suffering from generalized anxiety disorder will have long-lasting anxiety which is not focused on any object or situation with an individual experiencing persistent fear and worry with great concern on everyday matter. Specific phobia is an anxiety disorder where fear and anxiety is always triggered by an encounter with a specific situation or stimulus which can range from animals or some fluids. Panic disorder is triggered by stress, fear or exercise causing abrupt fear and discomfort peaking in a few minutes and can last for hours which leads to trembling, shaking, confusion and even nausea and difficulty in breathing. A person suffering from social anxiety disorder avoids most social gathering as he/she fears negative public scrutiny, embarrassment, humiliation as well as the normal social interaction. Separation anxiety disorder is triggered by a person being separated from certain places as well as people. Selective mutism is similar to social anxiety disorder where an individual is unable to speak in certain locations as well as to specific people.
Lifestyle and behavior change, therapy and medication are some of the treatment methods for anxiety disorder. Lifestyle and behavior change includes practices such as stopping drug and substance abuse, ensuring the sleep patterns are regular as well as doing some exercises. Anxiety disorder can also be treated with cognitive behavioral therapy that is guided by a trained online counselor which enables one to develop personal coping strategies and improves cognition, behaviors and emotional regulation. Online counsellors who offer free or charged therapy services are also important in helping individuals suffering from anxiety therapy. Specialized online counselors can prescribe some medications to anxiety disorder patients.